What is Xanax and its effect
Xanax is an anxiolytic drug (tranquilizer) with an antidepressant, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant action. The main active ingredient is the triazolo-benzodiazepine derivative. Xanax pills containing 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg or 3 mg of active substance Аlрrаzоlаm can be prescribed for treating depressive conditions and other mental disorders.
Xanax inhibits polysynaptic spinal reflexes, limbic system, thalamus, and hypothalamus. Under its effect, anxiety and emotional tension decrease, and a feeling of anxiety and fear are weakened. Xanax causes muscle relaxation and has a mild hypnotic effect. When taking Xanax, patients fall asleep more quickly, the duration of sleep increases, and the number of nocturnal awakenings decreases.
Indications for use of Xanax (Alprazolam)
This drug is prescribed for neurotic and neurosis-like disorders, in which the patient suffers from a sense of anxiety. Alprazolam and analogs are effective for treatment of reactive depressive conditions, including those that appeared against the background of somatic diseases. In addition, this medicine is indicated in the case of:
- Panic disorders;
- Abstinence syndrome (including alcohol and drug dependence);
- Senile and essential tremor.
Side effects of Xanax
Dizziness, impaired concentration, drowsiness; less often – headache, insomnia, visual impairment, anxiety, depression, memory impairment, timoleptic effect, difficulty concentrating, coordination impairment, irritability, confusion, agitation, hallucinations, dystonia, anorexia, muscle weakness, urinary incontinence, menstrual irregularities, and impaired kidney function. The development of drug dependence is possible.
Alprazolam is contraindicated in the following cases:
- Severe respiratory failure;
- Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug;
- Closed-angle glaucoma;
- Acute liver and kidney disease;
- Myasthenia gravis;
- Acute alcoholic intoxication.
In addition, the drug is not prescribed for pregnant women (especially in the first trimester) and breastfeeding women, as well as children under 18 years of age.
Xanax should be used with caution by patients with chronic hepatic or renal insufficiency, cerebral and spinal ataxia, drug dependence, hyperkinesis, organic brain diseases, psychoses, hypoproteinemia, and sleep apnea.
It is inadmissible to use Xanax (Alprazolam) simultaneously with another soothing agent. Patients taking alprazolam should refrain from all activities requiring increased attention, rapid physical and mental reactions.